Muhammad served as administrator, legislator, judge, and commander-in-chief as well as teacher, preacher, and prayer leader of the Muslim community. For the scholars of Islamic law he is the legislator-jurist who defined ritual observance; for the mystic he is the ideal seeker of spiritual perfection; for the philosopher and statesman he is the role model of both a conqueror and a just ruler; for ordinary Muslims, he is a model of God’s grace and salvation.

"Muhammad" from The Oxford Dictionary of Islam on Oxford Islamic Studies Online. The full article is available to read for free for a limited time. 
Oxford University Press recently partnered with the ALA and NEH on the “Muslim Journeys” project. To celebrate, we’re sharing resources on the Islamic world from across the press throughout June.
Image credit: he Night Journey of Muhammad on His Steed, Buraq; Leaf from a copy of the Bustan of Sa’di (Persian Poet), dated 1514. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Public domain via Wikimedia Commons. 

Muhammad served as administrator, legislator, judge, and commander-in-chief as well as teacher, preacher, and prayer leader of the Muslim community. For the scholars of Islamic law he is the legislator-jurist who defined ritual observance; for the mystic he is the ideal seeker of spiritual perfection; for the philosopher and statesman he is the role model of both a conqueror and a just ruler; for ordinary Muslims, he is a model of God’s grace and salvation.

"Muhammad" from The Oxford Dictionary of Islam on Oxford Islamic Studies Online. The full article is available to read for free for a limited time. 

Oxford University Press recently partnered with the ALA and NEH on the “Muslim Journeys” project. To celebrate, we’re sharing resources on the Islamic world from across the press throughout June.

Image credit: he Night Journey of Muhammad on His Steed, Buraq; Leaf from a copy of the Bustan of Sa’di (Persian Poet), dated 1514. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Public domain via Wikimedia Commons.